The Geography of India is set aside from the remainder of Asia by the Himalayas, the highest, youngest and nevertheless evolving mountain chain on the planet. The subcontinent as it’s rightly known as, touches 3 large water bodies and is right away recognizable on any world map. This thick, roughly triangular peninsula defines the Bay of Bengal to your east, the Arabian Sea to your west, and the India Ocean for the south.
India holds practically each type of landscape imaginable. An abundance of mountain ranges and nationwide parks provide sufficient opportunity for eco-tourism and trekking, and its sheer size promises something for everyone. From north to south India extends a good 2000 miles (3200 km), where the island nation of Sri Lanka appears to be squeezed from India like a excellent tear, the synapse forming the Gulf of Mannar.
Himalayas, the world’s highest mountain chain and Nepal as its Neighboring country dominate India’s northern border. Subsequent the sweeping mountains towards the northeast, its borders narrow to a small channel that passes between Nepal, Tibet, Bangladesh, and Bhutan, then spreads out again to meet Burma within the “eastern triangle.” Apart from the Arabian Sea, its western border is defined exclusively by Pakistan.
North India will be the country’s biggest area starts with Jammu and Kashmir, with terrain varying from arid mountains in the far north to your lake country and forests near Srinagar and Jammu. Shifting south along the Indus river, the North gets flatter and far more hospitable, widening in to the fertile plains of Punjab on the west along with the Himalayan foothills of Uttar Pradesh and also the Ganges river valley towards the East. Cramped between these two states is the capital city, Delhi.
The states of Gujarat, Maharashtra, Goa, and component from the enormous, central state of Madhya Pradesh constitute West India. Extending from the Gujarat peninsula down to Goa, the west coast is lined with several of India’s greatest seashores. The land along the coast is generally lush with rainforests. The Western Ghats separate the verdant coast from your Vindya Mountains as well as the dry Deccan plateau additional inland.
India is the residence from the sacred River Ganges plus the vast majority of Himalayan foothills, East India start using the states of Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Orissa, which comprise the westernmost component with the region. East India also comprises an area known as the eastern triangle, which can be completely distinct. This will be the final gulp of land that extends past Bangladesh, culminating inside the Naga Hills along the Burmese border.
India reaches its peninsular tip with South India, which begins with the Deccan in the north and ends with Cape Comorin. The states in South India are Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, and Kerala, a favorite leisure vacation spot. The southeast coast, mirroring the west, also rests snugly beneath a mountain range—the Eastern Ghats.