Wildlife in Kerala
Geographically Kerala is surrounded by Karnataka to the north, Tamil Nadu to the east, and the Arabian Sea to the west and is located in between the Lakshadweep Sea and the Western Ghats. The place is highly praised for it natural beauty and natural wild life activities. Kerala is not only visited for its natural beauty but also for its wild life. Here our visitors can see various wild animals and species. The land is full of flora and fauna where our wild animals exists, the places include Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary, which is located at the Western Ghats of where one can experience wild life from at close distance. In this sanctuary you can see endangered giant grizzled squirrel of India and other various wild animals like Civet Cats, Sloth Bear, Nilgiri and Langur. In their next trip, our visitors can enjoy the Idukki Wildlife Sanctuary where the climate is very normal and our visitors can see Cobra, Viper, Python, Rat and Snake. The Idukki arch dam is the first major hydroelectric project in Kerala, in Kerala which was established in 1976. Moreover, with bustling green-and-silver, coconuts-and-water state one can also see Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary where June and August is the best season and for (Migratory Birds November to February is the perfect season. The sanctuary is located on the banks of the where one can see birds like the siberian stork, egret. Our visitors can also explore other common varieties like skylark, crane, water hen and parrots. To fully enjoy and experience the sanctuary cruise option, so come can see the wild like in their best way. The next wild life destination is Silent Valley National Park, about 40 km from Mannarkkad, Palakkad District of North Kerala. The park got incorporated in the year 1984, and is spread over an area of 237.5 sq km. The park has all the alluring natural beauty occupied by various wild like animals. These parks and sanctuaries are natural places for those who are seeking beauty in wild like and there people can even enjoy river rafting, jungle safaris, and overnight camping and many more.
Kerala is the gods own country is world famous for its natural wealth comprising shimmering backwaters, magnificent waterfalls, beautiful hill stations, evergreen fields, serene lakes and much more which cannot be defined in words. In addition to this natural wealth Kerala accommodates a wide variety of flora and fauna. Kerala proves to be a treasure house of forest and mineral resources that control the topography, climate and soil-water regimes. Kerala accommodates rich tropical moist vegetation and comprises 9,400 km² of natural forests in the country that is incomparable.
Kerala has an abundance of wildlife in its natural habitat which can easily be visited through its different natural parks and wild life reserves. Kerala comprises 14 wildlife sanctuaries:
- Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary,
- Neyyar Wildlife Sanctuary,
- Peechi-Vazhani Wildlife Sanctuary,
- Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary,
- Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary,
- Idukki Wildlife Sanctuary,
- Thattekad Bird Sanctuary,
- Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary,
- Chimmony Wildlife sanctuary,
- Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary,
- Shendurney Wildlife Sanctuary,
- Aralam Wildlife Sanctuary,
- Mangalavanam Bird Sanctuary,
- Kurinjimala Sanctuary,
With 6 national parks namely Eravikulam National Park,
- Periyar National Park,
- Silent Valley National Park,
- Anamudi Shola National Park,
- Anamudi Shola National Park,
- Mathikettan Shola National Park
- And Pambadum Shola National Park,
2 biosphere reserves that are Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve and Agasthyamalai Biosphere Reserve and one tiger reserve that is Periyar tiger reserve which are nestled in the lush evergreen forests of Western Ghats both complementing each other’s beauty, through this one can easily understand how much Kerala is diverse in its wild life. There are only some places in the world which serves such diverse platter of flora and fauna.
These sanctuaries and national parks accommodate tourists to endure and explore the beauty of wild animals in their natural surroundings and affirm to be an ideal destination for adventure as well as nature lovers. One can even enjoy adventure sports like trekking, rock climbing, river rafting, jungle safaris, and overnight camping.
Some of the most famous places to witness wildlife in Kerala are:
Periyar Tiger Reserve stretched at 777 sq km, this area is rich in mixed deciduous forest with open tall grass. Periyar has a shimmering artificial lake which proves to be a paradise for water birds like darter, grey heron, egret and kingfisher. It’s one of the dominant habitats for Asiatic elephants. It shelters a variety of wild animals including Tiger, leopard, Sambar, wild dog, barking deer, the lion tailed macaque, the Nilgiri langur etc. with a myriad of woodland birds. It’s a fantastic place where wild life can be explored by a boat as the only means of transport.
Silent Valley National Park set in the Palakkad district of Kerala is considered India’s last area of tropical evergreen rain forest which is a precious biodiversity resource. This National Park was given the title of a National Park in 1980 and it affirms to be the core area of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve. This park has been given the name of Silent Valley because of the loud calls of Cicadas that can be heard everywhere in this region except this park. Silent Valley accommodates an amazing wildlife with Tigers, deer, and mammals’ that are native to the South Indian Peninsula, such as the Nilgiri Langur, Malabar Giant Squirrel, Lion-Tailed Macaque, Flying squirrel and Civet Cat etc.